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Famous Garden Herbs

The prominence of herbs has taken off as of late. They have grabbed hold with gourmet cooks, humble nursery workers, neighborhood flower vendors and option healers. Furthermore, all things considered. These antiquated plants have long and interesting histories as antidotes venoms, aphrodisiacs, memory enhancers and stomach soothers. While a few cures are simply recounted, others stay feasible strategies for curing what troubles you.

Basic thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is more than a poultry flavoring. This current herb’s fundamental oils contain antibacterial properties that can at present be found in some frosty arrangements. The Romans added the herb to their tea and breathed in its scent to avert despairing. Thyme is an individual from the mint family. It develops as a semi-evergreen groundcover, getting just 1′ high. It loves full sun and dry soil. It sprouts in summer, and the foliage can be utilized as a creepy crawly repellent.

Lemon medicine (Melissa officinalis) has for quite some time been esteemed as a memory enhancer and general lift me-up. It’s likewise an individual from the mint family and can be obtrusive, be that as it may it will be less so in semi-shade. The leaves, which notice somewhat like Lemon Pledge furniture clean, contain oils that make a decent creepy crawly repellent. Lemon medicine blooms in summer and draws in honey bees. It grows 2′ high and around 3′ wide.

You might not consider catnip (Nepeta cataria) as fit for human consumption, but this herb was used to season soups and stews as far back as the 15th century. Catnip tea is a soothing beverage. It has been used to relieve everything from colds to headaches to nightmares. It grows about 2.5′ high, so use it toward the front of the border. It prefers full sun and will put up white flowers from spring through mid-summer.

Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is another calming herb that helps with digestion and insomnia. The round, white flowers have yellow centers and appear from June through August. Place it in full sun in dry soil. Chamomile grows 1′ high and 2′ wide and makes a good cut flower.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is known as the herb of remembrance. It has traditionally been used in bridal wreaths and is sometimes given to wedding guests to encourage them to remember the couple’s happy occasion. It’s also long been thought to prevent baldness, and is still used as an ingredient in some hair oils. Rosemary grows in well-drained soil and blooms in spring. It works well in the rock garden or mixed border. Because rosemary can be marginally hardy in our area, try planting the especially hardy cultivar ‘Arp’.

Many people use curlyleaf parsley (Petroselinum crispum) to freshen their breath. Greek charioteers even fed it to their horses, but for a different reason. They believed it would improve the horses’ stamina. Parsley is a biennial, meaning it puts out foliage the first year and flowers the second year before dying. Prune off the flowers if you want to keep it another year. Parsley grows in full sun and blooms in early summer. It attracts the larvae of the Swallowtail butterfly and grows 1′ high and wide.

Coriander (seeds) or cilantro (fresh leaves) (Coriandrum sativum) came to North America with the European colonists, but its history started much earlier. The Chinese believed it could bestow immortality. And the Egyptians put coriander seeds in their tombs. If you lived during the Renaissance period or the Middle Ages, you might have ingested coriander as part of a love potion. Coriander is an annual that gets about 3′ high. Grow it in full sun in moist soil with good drainage.

You might grow the southeastern native bee balm (Monarda didyma) for its bright red or purple flowers. But this plant, also known as bergamot, has been used as a tea flavoring ever since naturalist John Bartram discovered early settlers near Oswego, N.Y. steeping the leaves. This beautiful flower is a member of the mint family and can be very invasive. Consider keeping it confined or giving it an area in which to roam. Bee balm grows in full sun and prefers moist soil. The foliage is fragrant, and the flowers attract hummingbirds and bees. It tends to get powdery mildew when the weather is hot and the soil is dry, so select mildew-resistant cultivars. If you have plants with infected foliage, prune it out. Site bee balm in the middle of the border; it grows 3′ high.